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God of ComicsOsamu Tezuka and the Creation of Post-World War II Manga$
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Natsu Onoda Power

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781604732207

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604732207.001.0001

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date: 22 October 2018

Tezuka in History/History in Tezuka

Tezuka in History/History in Tezuka

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Tezuka in History/History in Tezuka
Source:
God of Comics
Author(s):

Natsu Onoda Power

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781604732207.003.0002

Although Osamu Tezuka contributed to the boom of story comics in Japan after World War II, comic books, or comic book culture, were already in existence prior to his rise as a cartoonist. Many characteristics of modern comics, from animal anthropomorphism to movement lines and graphically represented sound, were already well established before the war. Indeed, Tezuka often made references to older forms of comics in his work. Furthermore, the Japanese public had been exposed to American and European cartoons since the late nineteenth century. This chapter focuses on the history of comics before and during Tezuka’s time, beginning with the twelfth-century scroll painting Chōjū giga (The Animal Scrolls), the oldest surviving work that is frequently discussed through the lens of comics, and its influence on Tezuka. It looks at some of the important figures in Japanese comics, including Charles Wirgman, George Bigot, Honda Nishikichirō, Kitazawa Rakuten, and Okamoto Ippei. It also examines the kind of transformation Tezuka brought to Japanese comics during World War II.

Keywords:   comics, Osamu Tezuka, story comics, Japan, World War II, comic books, cartoons, Chōjū giga, Kitazawa Rakuten, Okamoto Ippei

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