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Shocking the ConscienceA Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement$
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Simeon Booker and Carol McCabe Booker

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781617037894

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.001.0001

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date: 17 November 2018

The Battle of Little Rock

The Battle of Little Rock

Chapter:
(p.112) 10 The Battle of Little Rock
Source:
Shocking the Conscience
Author(s):

Simeon Booker

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.003.0010

In this chapter, the author narrates the events surrounding the battle of Little Rock that occurred on September 24, 1957. On that day, 1,000 paratroopers of the 101st Airborne “Screaming Eagle” Division of the 327th Infantry Regiment descended into Little Rock’s Central High School. All the black soldiers in the convoy were ordered to remain on the trucks until they reached camp, a clear sign of desegregation in the integrated U.S. Army. Central High School became the center of a civil rights battle following the effort to enroll nine black kids in the 2,000-student, white high school: Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Carlotta Walls, Minnijean Brown, Gloria Ray, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Beals, Jefferson Thomas, and Terrence Roberts. Little Rock did not return to normalcy when the 1957–1958 school year ended, as Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus continued to manipulate the state’s public schools to prevent integration. In particular, Faubus got the state legislature to pass a law allowing him to close schools and lease them to “private school” corporations.

Keywords:   desegregation, Jet, Little Rock, Central High School, civil rights, Ernest Green, Arkansas, Orval Faubus, public schools, integration

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