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Shocking the ConscienceA Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement$
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Simeon Booker and Carol McCabe Booker

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781617037894

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.001.0001

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date: 21 October 2018

Ike’s First Term

Ike’s First Term

(p.108) 9 Ike’s First Term
Shocking the Conscience

Simeon Booker

University Press of Mississippi

During his eight years as president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower pursued initiatives that benefited African Americans, from the desegregation of the military and public schools to the appointment of an unprecedented number of blacks to prominent positions in government. However, his administration was also hounded by horrific civil rights crimes that went unpunished and voting rights that were denied. Eisenhower was also criticized for his indifference to housing and for his silence on the 1954 Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. At the end of 1956, the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott was finally resolved after the Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that segregation on the city’s buses was unconstitutional. The boycott produced an enduring icon, Rosa Parks, who has been called “the mother of the civil rights movement,” and inspired similar actions in other cities.

Keywords:   civil rights movement, Dwight D. Eisenhower, African Americans, desegregation, housing, Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, Montgomery, boycott, Rosa Parks

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