This chapter examines the roles of the delegates of the Mississippi Secession Convention during the American Civil War. Even before seceding, the state's inhabitants were ready for the upcoming war against the Union, as the majority of their economy relied on slavery. The same sentiment ran through the Convention delegates. In all, sixty-nine of the one-hundred delegates served in some capacity, with the majority in the Confederate Army. A few held less militaristic positions, serving in the state troops, in the state legislature, in the Confederate Congress, and as Confederate judges. Unfortunately, victory was not meant for them as the Union prevailed in the end. The delegates watched their state crumble around them and certainly felt a major responsibility for what was happening, looking back at their past actions in shock. They quickly argued such lines of thought, those ideas collectively becoming known as the “Lost Cause” myth after the war.
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