Racialized Colonization and the Exoticization of Aquatic Royalty
Duke Kahanamoku’s success in swimming and surfing in the early twentieth century made him one of the world’s most famous Hawaiians and aquatic stars. This chapter examines Kahanamoku’s Hawaiian identity and American citizenship as they were discussed and understood during his competitive career. His recent celebration as the subject of a postage stamp and statue indicates the ways Kahanamoku’s reputation has shifted over time.
Keywords: Hawaii, Swimming, Surfing, Olympic games, Racial animus