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Military Conditions during World War II

Military Conditions during World War II

Chapter:
(p.106) Chapter Six Military Conditions during World War II
Source:
Promises of Citizenship
Author(s):
Kathleen M. German
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781496812353.003.0007

This chapter poses the paradoxes as African Americans were called upon to serve their nation, often as a last resort and always under the disadvantages of segregation and discrimination. The World War II conditions in which African American troops served were multilayered and complex, involving historical traditions of racial segregation, white and black attitudes, eruptions of civilian and military violence, and the realities of wartime. This chapter examines the evolution of military enlistment practices and the structural barriers that blocked African Americans from unconditional participation in military service.

Keywords:   Militia system, Lynching, Selective service acts, Judge William H. Hastie, McCloy Committee

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