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“All the Science and Learning”

“All the Science and Learning”

Black Intellectual History in the United States

(p.11) Chapter One “All the Science and Learning”
Black Intellectual Thought in Modern America
Gregory D. Smithers
University Press of Mississippi

This chapter provides an overview of black intellectual thought from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries, showing that it was during this time, particularly the nineteenth century, that most of the types of black intellectualism developed, such as liberalism, Marxism, feminism, and conservatism. The phrase “All the science and learning” was popular in nineteenth-century intellectual and educational discourses, punctuating the writing of scholars in the hard sciences and the rapidly professionalizing academic disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. Through diligent experimentation, empirical analysis, and the accumulation and dissemination of knowledge, human understanding was expanded, and civilization was improved.

Keywords:   black intellectualism, nineteenth century, liberalism, Marxism, feminism, conservatism, hard sciences, social sciences, humanities, civilization

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