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Taking Back Black Rock: The Indian New Deal and Self-Determination

Taking Back Black Rock: The Indian New Deal and Self-Determination

Chapter:
(p.151) Chapter 7 Taking Back Black Rock: The Indian New Deal and Self-Determination
Source:
Black Rock
Author(s):
William A. Dodge
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781578069934.003.0007

This chapter discusses changes in federal Indian policies during the second half of the twentieth century, which greatly impacted how Black Rock would move into the new millennium. Among these is the Indian Reorganization Act, commonly known as the “Indian New Deal,” signed on 18 June 1934. Its fundamental aims were the development of Indian economic resources and the restoration of Indian self-determination through the revival of tribal governments. Beginning in the early 1960s, Black Rock became a focal point of economic development programs initiated not by forces outside the reservation, but by the Zuni Tribe itself.

Keywords:   Indian policy, Black Rock, Zuni people, allotment, assimilation, self-determination, tribal government, Indian Reorganization Act

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