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Carolina’s Colonial Architecture and the Age of Rights

Carolina’s Colonial Architecture and the Age of Rights

(p.11) Chapter 1 Carolina’s Colonial Architecture and the Age of Rights
Calling Out Liberty
Jack Shuler
University Press of Mississippi

This chapter examines John Locke’s philosophy of natural rights, and his ambiguous political and economic ties to the colony of South Carolina. It considers some of the written and cultural underpinnings for human rights discourse in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, focusing on what might have been in the air in the Americas and in South Carolina before and after the Stono Rebellion that erupted on September 9, 1739, when a group of Kongolese slaves-turned-rebels stormed a storehouse near Charles Town in South Carolina and went on to kill about twenty-three white colonists before being subdued by the militia. The chapter looks at whether discussions of human rights crossed the Atlantic and what the public sphere looked like in colonial South Carolina. It also analyzes Locke’s views on equality, liberty, and executive power, and especially about the general equality of human beings and states.

Keywords:   natural rights, John Locke, South Carolina, human rights, Stono Rebellion, slaves, Atlantic, equality, liberty, executive power

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