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The Formation of a Branch and the Early Campaigns

The Formation of a Branch and the Early Campaigns

(p.15) Chapter One The Formation of a Branch and the Early Campaigns
Borders of Equality
Lee Sartain
University Press of Mississippi

This chapter looks at the main debates of the early civil rights struggle and details the groundwork of the NAACP’s Baltimore branch from 1914 that paved the way for the later civil rights movement. It first considers the struggles faced by many NAACP branches across the United States during the period due to lack of membership and sustained activism. The chapter then examines leadership and campaign issues, both local and national, to see why Baltimore at least had a branch during this period despite its organizational problems. It analyzes a number of cases, such as the anti-lynching campaigns, the city ordinance aimed at desegregating housing districts in Baltimore, and the efforts to allow blacks to have access to higher education. Finally, the chapter discusses the impact of the New Deal and World War II on the NAACP’s tactics.

Keywords:   civil rights, NAACP, Baltimore, leadership, anti-lynching campaigns, housing, blacks, higher education, New Deal, World War II

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