This final chapter is also the conclusion of the book. The authors reiterate their central argument, i.e. that ultimately what makes the originality of free jazz is its intrinsically political approach to music. As such, it is a challenge to Western bourgeois values not just in music, but also in the appreciation of music. Free jazz demands that we reconsider the way we evaluate music.
Keywords: Criticism, Aesthetics, Politics, Western values, Free jazz