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The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect

The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect

Chapter:
(p.185) Chapter Seven The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect
Source:
The Architecture of William Nichols
Author(s):
Paul Hardin KappTodd SandersWilliam Seale
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781628461381.003.0007

Governor Charles Lynch hired Nichols in 1836 as state architect for Mississippi. Nichols would then design three of the most significant buildings in the state: the Capitol (1840), the State Penitentiary (1840), and the Governor’s Mansion (1842). The Mississippi State Capitol is the most stunning and impressive building of his career; it is a flamboyant Greek Revival monument designed for a bicameral government. However, Nichols’s habit of overspending on projects, bad bookkeeping, and public bickering would cost him his job as state architect. I end the chapter by discussing several buildings that he designed in central Mississippi, including the Jackson M.E. Church, the Jackson Presbyterian Church, and the John Thomas House to name a few.

Keywords:   Jackson, Mississippi, Old Mississippi State Capitol, Mississippi Governor’s Mansion, Mississippi State Penitentiary, Madison County, Mississippi

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