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Joe T. Patterson and the White South's DilemmaEvolving Resistance to Black Advancement$
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Robert E., Jr. Luckett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781496802699

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2017

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496802699.001.0001

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Challenges for the Jim Crow Hierarchy

Challenges for the Jim Crow Hierarchy

(p.28) Chapter 2 Challenges for the Jim Crow Hierarchy
Joe T. Patterson and the White South's Dilemma

Robert E. Luckett

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter examines how Joe T. Patterson worked with more thoroughly committed segregationists to face the challenges to the Jim Crow hierarchy in the white South. It first considers the formation of two groups by segregationists in response to the US Supreme Court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education: the Citizens' Council and the State Sovereignty Commission. It then discusses Patterson's involvement in racist politics as both an early member of the Citizens' Council and one of the original leaders of the Sovereignty Commission, along with his defense of segregation. It also explains how Patterson and Mississippi Governor James P. Coleman used practical segregation to recast the debate away from an effort to preserve white supremacy at all costs and utilized subtle language to claim that they were looking to protect their own freedom. Finally, it explores Patterson's stand regarding the desegration of the Veterans Administration hospitals.

Keywords:   segregation, Joe T. Patterson, Jim Crow, Brown v. Board of Education, Citizens' Council, Sovereignty Commission, James P. Coleman, practical segregation, white supremacy, Veterans Administration hospitals

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