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Minority RelationsIntergroup Conflict and Cooperation$
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Greg Robinson and Robert S. Chang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781496810458

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496810458.001.0001

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Race, Place, and Historic Moment

Race, Place, and Historic Moment

Black and Japanese American World War II Veterans: The GI Bill of Rights and the Model Minority Myth

(p.102) 4 Race, Place, and Historic Moment
Minority Relations

Taunya Lovell Banks

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter presents a comparative history of minority communities, in this case the impact of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (better known as the GI Bill of Rights). It addresses the reasons why Japanese American World War II veterans were able to make greater use of the benefits offered by the law to broker their group's postwar social advancement, while black veterans were restricted in their enjoyment of its advantages. In addition to more potent discrimination against blacks in areas such as housing, one salient distinction between the groups that the chapter points to is their differing educational preparation, which led to comparatively greater use by Japanese Americans of the college benefits available under the bill.

Keywords:   minority communities, Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, GI Bill of Rights, Japanese American veterans, black veterans, postwar social advancement, discrimination

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