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Comics Art in China$
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John A. Lent and Xu Ying

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781496811745

Published to University Press of Mississippi: May 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496811745.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Cradle of Chinese Cartooning

Cradle of Chinese Cartooning

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter 1 Cradle of Chinese Cartooning
Source:
Comics Art in China
Author(s):

John A. Lent

Xu Ying

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781496811745.003.0001

Visual humor and narrative, both of which can be components of comics and cartoons, existed during the pre-twentieth century, dynastic eras of China. Attributes such as caricature, satire, parody, humor, wit, playfulness, narration, and storytelling were evident in paintings, burial materials, jars, and sculptures thousands of years ago. However, Chinese humorous and narrative drawing with Western characteristics first appeared in the late nineteenth century, mainly because of public dissatisfaction with the Qing Dynasty and the introduction of better printing technology. These cartoons first were used in humor magazines, such as The China Punch in the 1860s, followed by Puck, or the Shanghai Charivari, and Shanghai Puck, all of which emulated American or British counterparts. About the same time (1870s-1880s), pictorial magazines, ushered in with Ernest Major’s Yinghuan huabao, became homes for cartoons, usually those of a political nature. Pictorial magazines nourished the first generation of Chinese cartoonists and kept the revolutionary fervor heated with vitriolic cartoons. By the beginning of the twentieth century, palm-sized pictorial books (lianhuanhua), a bit like Western comic books, appeared, rounding out the formative years of Chinese comic art.

Keywords:   Caricature, parody, satire, narration, storytelling, humor magazines, pictorial magazines, lianhuanhua, Puck

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