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The Indian CaribbeanMigration and Identity in the Diaspora$
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Lomarsh Roopnarine

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781496814388

Published to University Press of Mississippi: May 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496814388.001.0001

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Indian Migration during the Indentured Period

Indian Migration during the Indentured Period

Chapter:
(p.39) Chapter Two Indian Migration during the Indentured Period
Source:
The Indian Caribbean
Author(s):

Lomarsh Roopnarine

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781496814388.003.0027

This chapter studies Indian migration during indenture, primarily from when Indians arrived on the plantations to when their contractual obligations expired. It argues that Indians were brought to the Caribbean under a series of restrictive colonial policies that stymied free movement. Indentured servants were subjected to a battery of labor ordinances and laws that locked them within a two-mile radius of their assigned plantations. Nonetheless, it is argued that some Indians challenged these policies in innovative ways to exercise their rights to migrate. Some took illegal actions and deserted the plantations, while others waited until their contracts expired to migrate. The number of Indians who migrated was smaller than those who remained in their residencies, but migration was a permanent feature of the plantation system that lasted as long as the period of indenture.

Keywords:   Indian migration, indenture, colonial policies, free movement, plantation system, Indians, Caribbean, plantations, indentured servants

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