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The Indian CaribbeanMigration and Identity in the Diaspora$
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Lomarsh Roopnarine

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781496814388

Published to University Press of Mississippi: May 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496814388.001.0001

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Indian Migration from the Caribbean to India

Indian Migration from the Caribbean to India

Chapter:
(p.54) Chapter Three Indian Migration from the Caribbean to India
Source:
The Indian Caribbean
Author(s):

Lomarsh Roopnarine

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781496814388.003.0035

This chapter shows that the planters' policies of land acceptance in lieu of return passages and the violation of the return passage contract did not deter an estimated one-third of indentured Indians from returning to their homeland. The process of returning home was frustrating, but returnees used the Immigration Department to exercise their right to return. Not all Indians returned home empty handed. Some returned with significant savings. However, upon their return they were subjected to a host of community caste customs that essentially used up their savings in order to reinstate them into their former social status. Others did not go back to villages but settled in urban areas or migrated back to the Caribbean for a second time. Some arrived in the Caribbean after serving indenture in other colonies like in Mauritius, Fiji, and Natal.

Keywords:   land acceptance, return passages, return passage contract, indentured Indians, Immigration Department, caste customs, migration

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