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Southern White Ministers and the Civil Rights Movement$
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Elaine Allen Lechtreck

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781496817525

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496817525.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

The Heart of the Movement

The Heart of the Movement

Boycotts, Sit-Ins, Freedom Rides, Mass Demonstrations

(p.54) 2 The Heart of the Movement
Southern White Ministers and the Civil Rights Movement

Elaine Allen Lechtreck

University Press of Mississippi

The chapter reveals the violence associated with the Civil Rights Movement, the courage of African American activists (Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Medgar Evers) and the small minority of southern white ministers who joined them. In Montgomery, Alabama, Robert Graetz provided taxi service for demonstrators. Andrew Turnipseed paid the salary of James Love, who signed the Mobile bus petition, when his parishioners would not. No southern white minister would participate in freedom rides, but John Morris organized a Freedom Ride after the violence subsided. The group was arrested. Joseph Ellwanger was harassed in Birmingham. Hundreds of black protestors were arrested and tortured. Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote Letter from a Birmingham Jail. Edwin King was arrested and tortured. The Klan and other white supremacist groups flourished. Black activists and some whites were murdered in Mississippi. As Edwin King commented, “Good white people could do nothing in the face of madness.”

Keywords:   Montgomery, Alabama, Robert Graetz, Mobile, Alabama, Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Edwin King

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