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Jazz in ChinaFrom Dance Hall Music to Individual Freedom of Expression$
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Eugene Marlow

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781496817990

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496817990.001.0001

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The Japanese Invasion

The Japanese Invasion

(p.67) Chapter 7 The Japanese Invasion
Jazz in China

Eugene Marlow

University Press of Mississippi

During World War II, the Japanese constructed prisoner of war camps in fifteen countries, including China. These camps numbered approximately 240. The Japanese—whose attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 brought the United States into World War II— saw their global role as manifest destiny, particularly with respect to China. Militarist Japan's attempt to conquer China began by seizing Manchuria in 1931 and became a full-fledged invasion from 1937 [when they attacked Shanghai] to 1945. This chapters shows that American jazz musicians—all of whom were playing in Shanghai—were not immune to the Japanese invasion and occupation. Some landed in internment camps in China and the Philippines.

Keywords:   World War II, China, Japan, prisoner of war camps, American jazz musicians, internment camps, Philippines, Japanese occupation

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