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Delivered by MidwivesAfrican American Midwifery in the Twentieth-Century South$
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Jenny M. Luke

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781496818911

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2019

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496818911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 02 December 2021

Problems of Racism and Challenges to Professionalism

Problems of Racism and Challenges to Professionalism

(p.91) Chapter 10 Problems of Racism and Challenges to Professionalism
Delivered by Midwives

Jenny M. Luke

University Press of Mississippi

Despite their recognized importance to maternity care African American nurse-midwives experienced both racial and professional discrimination. This chapter underscores the unyielding obstacles of racism. Issues of segregation, unequal pay for black nurses, and lack of funding led to the closure of the Tuskegee School of Nurse-Midwifery, and the American Association of Nurse-midwives determined that whiteness was central to its concept of the professional midwife. Physician-centered maternity care was advocated as a solution to what was termed racial dualism in health care and ultimately the implementation of the wartime Emergency Maternal and Infant Care accelerated the shift toward hospital birth.

Keywords:   American Association of Nurse-Midwives, “racial dualism”, racism, Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program, Tuskegee School of Nurse-Midwifery

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