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Martin R. Delany's Civil War and ReconstructionA Primary Source Reader$
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Tunde Adeleke

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781496826633

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2020

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781496826633.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Conservative Republican

The Conservative Republican

(p.89) Chapter 3 The Conservative Republican
Martin R. Delany's Civil War and Reconstruction
Tunde Adeleke
University Press of Mississippi

Documents in chapter three introduce readers to the intricacies and challenges of the first phase of Martin Delany’s entry into the politics of Reconstruction in South Carolina. They elucidate his political philosophy and visions; his advice to blacks on how best to maximize the benefits of their newly acquired citizenship rights; his ambivalent views on black political rights; his controversial stand on social equality; his scathing rebuke of black political aspirations and demands; and insistence that blacks attained some pre-qualification before aspiring for certain political positions. The documents also underscore the conflicting reactions of contemporaries to Delany’s controversial and at times provocative critiques of Radical Reconstruction. Ultimately, his advocacy of compromise, accommodation and racial reconciliation alienated him from the ruling radical Republican Party, prompting his decision to switch party allegiance and join the Democratic Party. The documents represent the conflicts Delany’s ideas provoked and the essential pragmatism of his thoughts.

Keywords:   Citizenship, Republicanism, Frederick Douglass, Minority Representation, Proportional Representation

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