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Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965$
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Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781604731071

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.001.0001

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Johnnie Carr

Johnnie Carr

June 1957, Women’s Auxiliary Baptist State Convention of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois

(p.81) Johnnie Carr
Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Davis W. Houck

David E. Dixon

University Press of Mississippi

Born on January 26, 1911, Johnnie Rebecca Daniels Carr attended the Bredding School and Alice L. White’s Industrial School for Girls, both private, in Montgomery, Alabama. At Mrs. White’s school, Carr met Rosa Parks, who would be instrumental in organizing the Montgomery Improvement Association in 1955 after refusing to relinquish her seat on a segregated city bus. Carr joined the NAACP in the late 1930s and became an active volunteer in the Young Men’s Christian Association. In June 1957, Johnnie Carr addressed the Women’s Auxiliary Baptist State Convention in Chicago, Illinois. This chapter reproduces Carr’s speech, in which she talked about the Montgomery bus boycott organized to protest Parks’s arrest. She first described how African Americans were often humiliated and resentful before recounting Parks’s experience on a segregated bus.

Keywords:   speech, Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks, Montgomery Improvement Association, Women’s Auxiliary Baptist State Convention, Chicago, Johnnie Carr, boycott, African Americans

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