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Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965$
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Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781604731071

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.001.0001

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Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks

August 21, 1956, Public School Integration Workshop, Monteagle, Tennessee

(p.37) Rosa Parks
Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Davis W. Houck

David E. Dixon

University Press of Mississippi

Born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913, Rosa Louise McCauley Parks is one of the iconic figures of the civil rights movement. Parks joined the NAACP in 1943, the year she was publicly humiliated on a Montgomery city bus driven by James P. Blake. As secretary for the local NAACP chapter, Parks worked closely with its president E. D. Nixon and made friends with Ella Baker. On August 21, 1956, Rosa Parks spoke at a public school integration workshop in Monteagle, Tennessee. This chapter reproduces Parks’s speech, in which she reflected on her experience on the Montgomery bus in 1943, the history of segregation, the Judeo-Christian tradition, and the bullying she had endured not only physically but also emotionally and spiritually.

Keywords:   civil rights movement, NAACP, Montgomery, James P. Blake, E. D. Nixon, Ella Baker, Rosa Parks, Tennessee, speech, segregation

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