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Unexpected PlacesRelocating Nineteenth-Century African American Literature$
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Eric Gardner

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781604732832

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604732832.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

The Black West

The Black West

Northern California and Beyond, 1865–1877

(p.92) Chapter 3 The Black West
Unexpected Places

Eric Gardner

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter introduces the diverse group that made up black literary California through examining, briefly, William H. Newby and Philip Bell, and, in more depth, Jennie Carter and Thomas Detter. This chapter demonstrates the richness of this specific unexpected place presented by Cole’s letters, a richness tied to the fact that black San Francisco’s literary community was more long-lasting, more connected to eastern publishing venues and simultaneously more independent of them, and much more prolific than the communities studied in previous chapters. Black literary San Francisco is especially intriguing not only for its size, diversity, and impact, but also because its authors offered significant revisions to the conceptions of black locations and mobility considered in earlier chapters.

Keywords:   black literary California, William H. Newby, Philip Bell, Jennie Carter, Thomas Detter

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