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The Case against Afrocentrism$
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Tunde Adeleke

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781604732931

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604732931.001.0001

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Conceptual and Paradigmatic Utilizations and Representations of Africa

Conceptual and Paradigmatic Utilizations and Representations of Africa

(p.59) 2 Conceptual and Paradigmatic Utilizations and Representations of Africa
The Case against Afrocentrism

Tunde Adeleke

University Press of Mississippi

The prevailing and dominant images and constructions of Africa, as well as the dynamics of the ever-changing experiences of blacks over historical time and space, are reflected in how it was perceived, conceived, and utilized by blacks in Diaspora. Black Diaspora perceptions of, reactions to, and utilization of Africa were defined and shaped by five paradigms/perspectives: civilization, cultural-nationalism, black nationalism and Pan-Africanism, instrumentalism, and Afrocentricity. This chapter examines the African Diaspora’s conceptual and paradigmatic utilizations and representations of Africa. It first looks at the encounter between Europe and Africa that brought two fundamentally different civilizations together, as well as the link between culture and the civilizational paradigm. It then discusses black nationalism and Pan-Africanism before concluding with an analysis of the Afrocentrism tradition in relation to a monolithic construction of black Diaspora identity.

Keywords:   blacks, Africa, civilization, cultural-nationalism, nationalism, Pan-Africanism, instrumentalism, Afrocentricity, African Diaspora, identity

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