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King Cotton in Modern AmericaA Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945$
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D. Clayton Brown

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781604737981

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.001.0001

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Boll Weevils, Worms, and Moths

Boll Weevils, Worms, and Moths

A Hundred-Year War

(p.169) Chapter 9 Boll Weevils, Worms, and Moths
King Cotton in Modern America

D. Clayton Brown

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter describes the struggle against boll weevils. The Mexican boll weevil (A. grandis) became the most dreaded insect pest of the South, with its capacity to wipe out entire fields of cotton. In 1923 President Warren G. Harding urged the cotton-growing states to “unite with the national government in the war on the boll weevil.” Triumph over the boll weevil finally came through the efforts of agricultural entomologists, the NNC, along with dependable government support. The struggle lasted about a century, with the real progress beginning around 1945, when a new era of insect control began with the introduction of DDT, benzene hexachloride (BHC), and toxaphene.

Keywords:   Mexican boll weevil, agricultural pests, cotton farming, pest control, DDT, benzene hexachloride, toxaphene, pesticides

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