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Global NeorealismThe Transnational History of a Film Style$
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Saverio Giovacchini and Robert Sklar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781617031229

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617031229.001.0001

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The Role of Documentary Film in the Formation of the Neorealist Cinema

The Role of Documentary Film in the Formation of the Neorealist Cinema

(p.52) The Role of Documentary Film in the Formation of the Neorealist Cinema
Global Neorealism

Luca Caminati

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter examines the historical connections between the rise of the documentary in the 1920s–30s; its reception in Italy, and its effects on both critical discourse and filmmaking practices; and the formation of neorealism. It first looks at the ideological and political implications of the post-facto narrative of the genesis of neorealism as a way of re-creating a nationalist historiography of cinema. The chapter then determines the alternative genealogies of neorealism by reconstructing the historical connections between fiction and nonfiction filmmaking in Italy in the 1930s; the emergence of Italian documentary filmmaking and the Istituto LUCE; and the larger international history of prewar documentary cinema and its impact on the stylistic changes in fiction films of that period.

Keywords:   Italian cinema, neorealism, documentaries, Italy, filmmaking, documentary cinema

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