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Mississippi's American Indians$
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James F. Barnett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781617032455

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617032455.001.0001

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. 1716–1762: The Deerskin Trade and Client Warfare

. 1716–1762: The Deerskin Trade and Client Warfare

(p.107) Chapter 4. 1716–1762: The Deerskin Trade and Client Warfare
Mississippi's American Indians

James F. Barnett

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter covers the rise of the deerskin trade and more than forty years of bitter client warfare among the Mississippi tribes. The period saw the privatization of France’s colonial venture and proliferation of French settlements in the Lower Mississippi Valley, an initiative abruptly halted by the violence at the Natchez and Yazoo posts in 1729. These clashes led directly to the futile French campaigns against the Chickasaws in the 1730s. French and English competition for the allegiance of the Choctaws, the most powerful military force in the region, helped to fuel the catastrophic and enigmatic Choctaw civil war, a unique and still poorly understood episode in Mississippi history. The French and Indian War finally decided the European contest for North America in England’s favor and signaled the beginning of the end of the Indians’ game of playing colonial powers against one another.

Keywords:   Mississippi, Indians, tribes, France, colonization, settlements, Chickasaws, Choctaws

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