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Mississippi's American Indians$
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James F. Barnett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781617032455

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617032455.001.0001

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. 1763–1800: Cultural Survival and Emigration

. 1763–1800: Cultural Survival and Emigration

(p.145) Chapter 5. 1763–1800: Cultural Survival and Emigration
Mississippi's American Indians

James F. Barnett

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter covers the final decades of the eighteenth century. The departure of the French from the area after the Treaty of Paris compelled Mississippi’s tribal groups in opposition to the English to migrate across the Mississippi River to that part of Louisiana under Spanish dominion. The exodus included the Biloxis, Pascagoulas, Houmas, Colapissas, Tunicas, and a large number of Choctaws. Choctaws and Chickasaws remaining in their homelands endeavored to sustain a dwindling deerskin trade and maintain their status as nations. The American Revolution swept England out of the picture, and the Spanish soon lost their hold on the region, leaving the Indians to face an American government intent on westward expansion. For the first time, the chiefs had to contend with treaty conferences and initial talk of land cessions.

Keywords:   Mississippi, Indians, tribes, English, Biloxis, Pascagoulas, Houmas, Colapissas, Tunicas, Choctaws

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