This chapter describes the fate of the Black Caribs following their arrival on the island of Roatán on 11 April 1797. The 2,026 Black Caribs who landed at Roatán included 664 men and 1,362 women and children. This small group represented virtually all that was left of the Black Carib people. The British had hoped the Caribs would defend the strategically placed island against the Spanish or at least be a nuisance. Instead, the Caribs saw the possibility of forging a new tactical alliance with another European power. A Spanish colonial official, José Rossi y Rubí, negotiated with the Black Caribs, who quickly agreed to surrender in exchange for transportation to the mainland. By 16 October only 206 Caribs remained on Roatán. From this exodus to the Central American mainland stems the current distribution of the Garifuna population. Within a few years Blacks Caribs were migrating along the Caribbean coast of Honduras and on to Belize, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.
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