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Shocking the ConscienceA Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement$
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Simeon Booker and Carol McCabe Booker

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781617037894

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.001.0001

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Baltimore, My Baltimore

Baltimore, My Baltimore

Chapter:
(p.154) 12 Baltimore, My Baltimore
Source:
Shocking the Conscience
Author(s):

Simeon Booker

Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.003.0012

In the last years of Dwight D. Eisenhower’s administration, blacks saw their voting strength continue to increase. While registrars in the South continued to block Negro registration, the Negro vote in the North became a key factor for the Democratic Party in the 1958 mid-term elections. In the presidential elections, both Democrats and Republicans tried to woo the growing black vote. This was evident in Baltimore, hometown of the NAACP lobbyist Clarence Mitchell and journalist Carl Murphy, and believed to be where the modern civil rights movement actually began. In 1959, the city achieved a “sudden, spectacular spurt” in voter registration that had accelerated the pace of desegregation in education, employment, and housing. In its annual retrospective, the monthly magazine Ebony reflected on black progress in 1959, while its sister publication Jet noted the election of blacks in a number of Northern cities to state and local offices in record numbers.

Keywords:   blacks, Baltimore, Clarence Mitchell, Carl Murphy, civil rights movement, voter registration, desegregation, housing, Ebony, Jet

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