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The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi$
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Ted Ownby

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781617039331

Published to University Press of Mississippi: May 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781617039331.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Shades of Anti–Civil Rights Violence

Shades of Anti–Civil Rights Violence

Reconsidering the Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi

(p.180) Shades of Anti–Civil Rights Violence
The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi

David Cunningham

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter focuses on the Ku Klux Klan and its place in the civil rights movement in Mississippi, with emphasis on its link to violence or armed self-defense as part of how to address issues of race and politics in the mid-1960s. It considers the notion that the Ku Klux Klan was a constant presence or unified organization and shows that multiple klans existed in Mississippi, including the White Knights, Original Knights, and the United Klans of America. It also examines the differences in tactics, membership, and rituals among these klans, particularly their attitudes toward violence. The chapter highlights the efforts of some klans to shed their reputations as terrorists by claiming that they espoused nonviolence and were not involved in bombing churches.

Keywords:   civil rights movement, Ku Klux Klan, Mississippi, violence, self-defense, race, politics, White Knights, United Klans of America, nonviolence

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