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The Mississippi Secession ConventionDelegates and Deliberations in Politics and War, 1861-1865$
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Timothy B. Smith

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628460971

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2015

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628460971.001.0001

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March 25–30, 1861

(p.160) 11 Ratification
The Mississippi Secession Convention

Timothy B. Smith

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter describes the ratification of the newly made Confederate constitution by the Second Mississippi Secession Convention. Ratification would make the state a part of the Confederate States of America, under the helm of President Jefferson Davis. Each of the notables of the Convention such as Jacob Yerger, Wiley Harris, and Samuel Gholson made numerous arguments such as the need for haste, the power of the Convention to take such action, and the fact that delay and submission to another convention or the people were simply a guise for “reconstruction,” or an attempt to return to the Union. Others such as Harris made arguments about economics and foreign recognition. After four days of constant debate and discourse, the Convention met on Friday, March 30, to vote for the ordinance of ratification. In the end, the ordinance passed by a wide margin, seventy-eight to seven, making Mississippi part of the Confederacy.

Keywords:   ratification, Confederate constitution, Mississippi Secession Convention, Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, reconstruction, Federal Union, Confederacy, Mississippi

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