January 9, 1861
This chapter describes the presentation of the ordinance of secession in front of the Mississippi Secession Convention by Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II on January 9th. The sections of the ordinance stated the repeal of all the laws and ordinances established by the Federal Union in the state of Mississippi, and that the said state “shall be a free, sovereign, independent state.” It also allowed Mississippi to form another “Federal Union” with other southern slave states that had likewise seceded, eventually becoming the Confederate States of America. The chapter then describes the opposition of the cooperationists, a group who were against the idea of secession as it would lead to war. However, the majority of the delegates supported secession from the Union, and eventually, most of cooperationists voted for the ordinance as well. In the end, the final vote was eighty-four to fifteen, ultimately withdrawing the state from the Union.
Keywords: ordinance of secession, Mississippi Secession Convention, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, Federal Union, southern slave states, cooperationists, secession, Confederate States of America
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