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The Architecture of William NicholsBuilding the Antebellum South in North Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi$
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Paul Hardin Kapp

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461381

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461381.001.0001

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Captain William Nichols, State Architect of North Carolina

Captain William Nichols, State Architect of North Carolina

(p.61) Chapter Three Captain William Nichols, State Architect of North Carolina
The Architecture of William Nichols

Paul Hardin Kapp

Todd Sanders

William Seale

University Press of Mississippi

As state architect, Nichols was able to make a decent salary to support his family and to engage in engineering ventures such as the Fayetteville Water Works, a facility that he designed, built and managed. This chapter explores how Nichols designed the first campus master plan for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1820. He not only determined how the University of North Carolina’s campus would grow and evolve, he also helped define the prototypical college campus in the South. It was also here that Nichols built his first masonry buildings, including Gerrard Hall and its famous portico. The author discusses Nichols’s landmark works in nearby Hillsborough, including the Eagle Lodge (Masonic Lodge) and St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church. He also examines his most elegant residential work in central North Carolina, the addition for the Moses Mordecai House in Raleigh.

Keywords:   Fayetteville, North Carolina, University of North Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina, Hillsborough, North Carolina

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