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The Architecture of William NicholsBuilding the Antebellum South in North Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi$
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Paul Hardin Kapp

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461381

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461381.001.0001

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The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect

The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect

(p.185) Chapter Seven The Mississippi State Capitol and the Office of State Architect
The Architecture of William Nichols

Paul Hardin Kapp

Todd Sanders

William Seale

University Press of Mississippi

Governor Charles Lynch hired Nichols in 1836 as state architect for Mississippi. Nichols would then design three of the most significant buildings in the state: the Capitol (1840), the State Penitentiary (1840), and the Governor’s Mansion (1842). The Mississippi State Capitol is the most stunning and impressive building of his career; it is a flamboyant Greek Revival monument designed for a bicameral government. However, Nichols’s habit of overspending on projects, bad bookkeeping, and public bickering would cost him his job as state architect. I end the chapter by discussing several buildings that he designed in central Mississippi, including the Jackson M.E. Church, the Jackson Presbyterian Church, and the John Thomas House to name a few.

Keywords:   Jackson, Mississippi, Old Mississippi State Capitol, Mississippi Governor’s Mansion, Mississippi State Penitentiary, Madison County, Mississippi

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