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The Port Royal ExperimentA Case Study in Development$
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Kevin Dougherty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461534

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.001.0001

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Setting the Stage for the Port Royal Experiment

Setting the Stage for the Port Royal Experiment

(p.6) Chapter One Setting the Stage for the Port Royal Experiment
The Port Royal Experiment

Kevin Dougherty

University Press of Mississippi

The Sea Islands of South Carolina are a series of various sized tidal and barrier islands cut by salt creeks and marshes, sounds, and rivers. It was in this particular environment that the highly prized Sea Islands cotton thrived and created a need for a great slave labor force. The military significance of Port Royal Harbor also made it a strategically important site to the Federal blockade effort. With this victory, northern abolitionist and religious groups, of which the Unitarians and Methodists figured prominently, rushed in to assist the now masterless slaves. It was this mix of agricultural, military, societal, and religious factors combined to transition this region into the home of the Port Royal Experiment.

Keywords:   Sea Islands cotton, slave labor, Port Royal, Abolition, Unitarianism

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