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The Port Royal ExperimentA Case Study in Development$
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Kevin Dougherty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461534

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.001.0001

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A Survey of Philanthropic Society Activity at Port Royal

A Survey of Philanthropic Society Activity at Port Royal

(p.39) Chapter Three A Survey of Philanthropic Society Activity at Port Royal
The Port Royal Experiment

Kevin Dougherty

University Press of Mississippi

Part of Edward Pierce’s plan was to send missionaries and teachers to assist the development of the Sea Islands blacks. Existing religious and abolitionist organizations took up the cause, and in February and March 1862 three new organizations, the Boston Educational Commission, the National Freedmen's Relief Association, and the Port Royal Relief Commission were formed specifically in response to the situation at Port Royal. In today’s vocabulary, such philanthropies would be called “nongovernmental organizations” (NGOs) which P. J. Simmons boasts “often make the impossible possible by doing what governments cannot or will not.” Certainly these agencies filled this purpose during the Port Royal Experiment, where the U. S. Government had developed only “inadequate and tardy plans.” This is not to say, however, that the private organizations did so without friction, tension, and inefficiency. In fact, the variety of agencies associated with the Port Royal Experiment and the Gideonites is dizzying.

Keywords:   Boston Educational Commission, National Freedmen's Relief Association, Port Royal Relief Commission, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), Gideonites

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