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The Port Royal ExperimentA Case Study in Development$
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Kevin Dougherty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461534

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.001.0001

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Refugees and Families

Refugees and Families

(p.87) Chapter Six Refugees and Families
The Port Royal Experiment

Kevin Dougherty

University Press of Mississippi

The Port Royal Experiment was beset by the displacement of the local black population as a result of the sudden collapse of the slavocracy and refugees, many of whom came to the Sea Islands in the wake of Major General William Sherman’s “March Through Georgia.” Refugee situations are traditionally plagued by problems associated with massive arrivals, low-income, and no durable solutions. These factors negatively impacted the situation of the Sea Islands. For many, the promise of black land ownership present in Sherman’s Special Field Order No. 15 and the authority of the Freedmen’s Bureau represented the solution. Instead, large amounts of land were restored to white ownership. The freedmen’s village of Mitchelville was another promising effort that proved difficult to sustain.

Keywords:   Refugees, Black land ownership, Mitchelville, Freedmen’s Bureau, Special Field Order No. 15

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