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The Port Royal ExperimentA Case Study in Development$
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Kevin Dougherty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461534

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461534.001.0001

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Spoiler Problems and Resistance

Spoiler Problems and Resistance

(p.135) Chapter Nine Spoiler Problems and Resistance
The Port Royal Experiment

Kevin Dougherty

University Press of Mississippi

The Port Royal Experiment was challenged by “spoilers” that ranged from Army officers who were inside the peace process to ex-Confederates who were outside of it. Successful nation-building operations usually require a significant commitment in time and resources. Eventually the United States tired of Reconstruction, and the Redemption movement restored white rule to South Carolina. With the Federal crackdown on Ku Klux Klan activity in 1871, “Red Shirts” emerged to provide the threat or use of force necessary to suppress black suffrage and facilitate a Democrat political victory. With the election of Wade Hampton as governor in the hotly contested Election of 1876 and the withdrawal of Federal troops as part of the “Bargain of 1877,” “Home Rule” was restored to South Carolina.

Keywords:   Red Shirts, Wade Hampton, Redemption, Ku Klux Klan, Reconstruction

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