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Anywhere But HereBlack Intellectuals in the Atlantic World and Beyond$
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Kendahl Radcliffe, Jennifer Scott, and Anja Werner

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781628461558

Published to University Press of Mississippi: January 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628461558.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 27 November 2020

Writing Against the Grain

Writing Against the Grain

Anténor Firmin and the Refutation of Nineteenth-Century European Race Science

(p.27) Writing Against the Grain
Anywhere But Here

Douglas W. Leonard

University Press of Mississippi

Douglass W. Leonard’s essay, “Writing Against the Grain: Antenor Firmin and the Refutation of Nineteenth Century European Race Science,” places the Haitian expatriate and statesmen in square opposition to the rising tide of the racism that was inherent in the widely accepted perspective of Arthur de Gobineau. Firmin challenged the notion of racial hierarchy perpetuated by such works as Gobineau’s Essai sur l’inegalite des Races Humaines (1853), which would thrive as one of the foundational bases for what would become the development of anthropological sciences in the academy. Recognizing it for what it was—i.e., a scientific treatise for the justification of slavery and imperialism under the guise of science—Firmin took on Gobineau’s pseudo-science in his own work De l’Égalité des Races Humaines and boldly challenged the latter’s presumptive assessment and scientific authority.

Keywords:   Antenor Firmin, Haitian Anthropology, Scientific racism, Arthur de Gobineau, Haiti

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