As with many of these chapters, this one on Indonesia begins with the colonialism in which cartooning took roots. And, as with other Asian countries, the U.S. influence on comics was visible early on. The situation began to change in the early 1950s with local artists creating indigenous content, leading to lndonesia’s golden age comics in the 1960s and 1970s. Popular among local comics were silat (martial arts) and wayang (puppet), as well as romance. The tide changed for the worse for comics in the 1980s and 1990s, partly because of imports, especially from Japan (manga still make up about 90 percent of the market). Independent comics slightly changed the scene in the following decades with the launch of comics “communities” and daring ventures of comics lovers such as Dr. Dwinita Larasati, who turned her cartoon diaries she sent to her mother while she studied abroad into a viable publisher, CAB, known for its experimental comics and providing outlets for young talent, a number of woman included.
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