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"Franco-American Identity, Community, and La Guiannée"$
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Anna Servaes

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781628462104

Published to University Press of Mississippi: September 2016

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781628462104.001.0001

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La Guiannée and Its Heritage

La Guiannée and Its Heritage

(p.43) Chapter Three La Guiannée and Its Heritage
"Franco-American Identity, Community, and La Guiannée"

Anna Servaes

University Press of Mississippi

La Guiannée celebration eludes the historical colonial context, but is documented in France as early as the twelfth century. It is most likely a derivative of a Celtic tradition and belongs to a category of begging quests throughout the Carnival season, typically November-March or April. Similarities between the disguises used in twentieth century Prairie du Rocher and twelfth century France creates a strong cultural connection. Other festive elements such as masking, singing, drinking, and the giving of gifts have significant importance for the maintenance of socio-cultural relationships. Throughout the Midwest, La Guiannée is the one festive celebration that maintained its continual French presence since the founding of these communities. Newspaper and personal accounts describe in detail the twentieth and twenty-first century celebration and its evolution from medieval to colonial disguises.

Keywords:   Celtic Tradition, La Guiannée, Masking, Socio-Cultural Relationships, Begging Quests

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