- Title Pages
- Caribbean Studies Series
- A Note on the Typography and Word Usage
2. The Fortified City
3. Planting Abakuá in Cuba, 1830s to 1860s
4. From Creole to Carabalí
6. Disintegration of the Spanish Empire
7. Havana Is the Key
EpilogueCubans in Calabar: Ékpè Has One Voice
Appendix 1Cuban Lodges Founded from 1871 to 1917
Appendix 2Comparing Ékpè and Abakuá Masks and Their Symbols
Appendix 3Abakuá Chants and Their Interpretations in Cross River Languages
- (p.37) 1. Arrival
- Voice of the Leopard
Ivor L. Miller
- University Press of Mississippi
This chapter is based largely on Abakuá narratives about the arrival of Carabalá Ékpè members and the various stages in their process of recreating Ékpè in Cuba. They created the first Abakuá lodges and established the three major “ethnic” lineages: Efí, Efó, and Orú. Most of the Abakuá language used to tell this story is contained in chants used even today in ceremonies.
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