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Voice of the LeopardAfrican Secret Societies and Cuba$
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Ivor L. Miller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781934110836

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781934110836.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM Mississippi SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mississippi.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Mississippi, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSSO for personal use.date: 30 November 2021

. The Fortified City

. The Fortified City

(p.66) 2. The Fortified City
Voice of the Leopard

Ivor L. Miller

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter describes the roles of free urban blacks, urban cabildos de nación (African nation-groups), fugitives from slavery living in Havana, workers on the wharves of Havana, battalions of blacks and mulattos who worked there also, Hispanicized free urban blacks known as black curros, as well as the multiple anticolonial movements in the early 1800s; and how all of these strands impacted the emergence of Abakuá in the 1830s.

Keywords:   Havana, Cuba, Abakuá, free urban blacks, urban cabildos de nación, fugitives, mulattos

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