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Voice of the LeopardAfrican Secret Societies and Cuba$
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Ivor L. Miller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781934110836

Published to University Press of Mississippi: March 2014

DOI: 10.14325/mississippi/9781934110836.001.0001

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. Planting Abakuá in Cuba, 1830s to 1860s

. Planting Abakuá in Cuba, 1830s to 1860s

(p.89) 3. Planting Abakuá in Cuba, 1830s to 1860s
Voice of the Leopard

Ivor L. Miller

University Press of Mississippi

This chapter uses the concept of planting, of activating the brotherhood—shared by Ékpè and Abakuá—to describe how Abakuá expanded from the 1830s to 1860s in a cosmopolitan urban environment, and in the face of repression as experienced in the wake of the infamous Conspiracy of La Escalera in the 1840s. Documenting the process of the transmission of Ékpè into Cuba, the chapter lists the major lodges founded and identifies their possible Cross River precedents. In the 1860s, Abakuá expanded into the nearby port city of Matanzas, with the sponsorship of Havana lodges.

Keywords:   brotherhood, Conspiracy of La Escalera, lodges, Cross River, Matanza

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